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Sustainability: Strengthening Local Consortium

Community Coalition Action Theory (CCAT) Model and Study Group Process

The COP-RCORP effort depends on having strong, functional community-based partnerships. For broad representation of local interests and needs, these partnerships involve representatives from different areas of the community. The CCAT Model and Developmental Process uses a community-based process to make sure the structures and relationships of the different partners have been clearly defined.

The two Quick Start Guides below outline the initial sequence of materials to watch, download, and/or print when beginning an independent study group CCAT process. One is for co-facilitators of the process and the other is for study group participants.

Introduction to the CCAT Model

The video above describes the Community Coalition Action Theory Model (Butterfoss & Kegler, 2002). It is the backbone for the independent Study Group Process created by Ohio University’s Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs (OU-VS) and the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE). This process is intended for members of local coalitions, consortiums, HUBs, and other action-oriented partnership groups. Below is a PDF of the slides from the introductory video.

Community Coalition Action Theory (CCAT)

by Butterfoss & Kegler, 2002

In 2002, two community-based researchers described the critical elements of effective data-driven, action-oriented, community-based groups (e.g., coalitions, consortium, HUBs). In the chapter, they explain the importance of the elements and offer applied examples of how they work.

Book Chapter

Butterfoss, F. D., & Kegler, M. C. (2002). Toward a comprehensive understanding of community coalitions: Moving from practice to theory. In R. J. DiClemente, R. A. Crosby, & M. C. Kegler (Eds.), Emerging theories in health promotion practice and research: Strategies for improving public health (pp. 157-193). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Constructs, Propositions, and Visual Model (H3)

The link below includes a two-page reference sheet from a course taught by the American College Health Association. It includes a table of the constructs and propositions from Butterfoss & Kegler’s book chapter (2002) and a visual depiction of the model.


Note: Butterfoss & Kegler updated their book chapter in 2009. We utilize the earlier version of the chapter (2002) to better align with the collaborative nature of planning and assessment in Ohio communities.

CCAT Study Group Process

The CCAT Model and Developmental Process outline seven steps for a group of partners (e.g., coalition, consortium, or HUB) to use when clarifying their operational structures and relationships.
  • Prioritization Process
    A strategic planning process often results in the development of many objectives and strategies. Unfortunately, all planning groups must contend with limited resources (time, money, and personnel). For this reason, not every objective, strategy, or project can be given the same level of resources. In fact, some ideas may have to be shifted into a “parking lot” to address at another time. The bottom line is that all groups have resource constraints and must prioritize strategies and objectives before moving forward. This is why priority setting is essential when developing a strategic plan. In fact, one of the toughest tasks in strategic planning is building concurrence within the consortium and among stakeholders for setting priorities. This template will walk your group through thinking about the prioritization process in a purposeful and intentional manner. ​ Prioritization Process Template
  • HRSA RCORP-Planning Strategic Planning Guidance and Template
    This strategic planning guidance and template was created by JBS International for the HRSA RCORP-Planning Initiative. HRSA RCORP-P Strategic Planning Template – Created by JBS International
  • OhioMHAS Strategic Planning Templates
    ​Over the past ten years and across many projects, OhioMHAS has supported the development of strategic planning templates. These templates were created by and for members of Ohio’s behavioral health system of care. The process began with Ohio’s Strategic Prevention – State Incentive Grant (SPF SIG) in 2009 and has continued across several initiatives such as Ohio’s Strategic Prevention Framework – Partnerships for Success (SPF-PFS) Initiative and Ohio’s Community Collective Impact Model for Change (CCIM4C) Initiative. For the HRSA RCORP-Planning Initiative, we have developed two templates to guide communities through a planning process that: (1) builds upon the strengths of the planning process developed in Ohio’s prevention system and (2) parallels the requirements set forth by HRSA. In the OhioMHAS-developed planning process, two documents comprise the strategic planning process: the strategic plan map and the strategy description form. These documents have been updated for the HRSA RCORP-Planning Initiative. ​ Strategic Plan Map Modified for the RCORP-Planning Initiative Strategy Description Form Modified for RCORP-Planning Initiative
  • Crosswalking the OhioMHAS Strategic Planning Templates and the HRSA RCORP-P Strategic Planning Template
    To demonstrate how the HRSA RCORP-P Initiative planning template and the OhioMHAS Strategic Planning Templates dovetail (and are both excellent tools to support strategic planning!), we have provided a crosswalk of these tools. ​ Crosswalk Attachments: ​ Webinar Slides Crosswalking the Ohio Strategic Planning Map with the JBS Template (6-26-2019) Ohio Strategic Plan Map Crosswalk to HRSA RCORP-P Initiative (6-26-2019)
  • Resources on Strategic Planning
    This webinar on existing resources for strategic planning was put together to walk anyone through the available resources specifically for strategic planning for the HRSA RCORP-Planning initiative. However, these resources may be helpful for anyone engaging in a strategic planning process. ​ Webinar slides Strategic Planning Resources quick-guide
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